152

In the Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

Sura 'Ibahim (Abraham) , No. 14

(Revealed in Mecca)

52 verses in 7 sections

Section 1

Qur'an Revealed to Lead Mankind

to Light

The Qur'an was revealed to take out mankind from Darkness and to lead them to Light - Those who prefer this world to the Hereafter are astray - Apostles of Allah were sent to preach the truth in the language of the people to whom they were sent - The ministry of Moses and his guidance to the Children of Israel referred to.

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحيمِ
In the Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

(1) الر كِتابٌ أَنْزَلْناهُ إِلَيْكَ لِتُخْرِجَ النَّاسَ مِنَ الظُّلُماتِ إِلَى النُّورِ بِإِذْنِ رَبِّهِمْ إِلى‏ صِراطِ الْعَزيزِ الْحَميدِ

1. " Alif, 'A' Lam, 'L' Ra, 'R'. (This is) a Book which We have sent down to you so that, by their Lord's permission, you lead out the people from the darkness (of ignorance) into the light (of faith) , into the way of the Mighty, the Praised (One) . "

153

Commentary:

Similar to some of other suras of the Qur'an, this Sura begins with the abbreviated letters. What is worth mentioning here is that out of 92 Suras, which begin with abbreviated letters, in 42 of them the words next to them are about the Glorious Qur'an. This indicates that there is a connection between these two, i. e. the abbreviated letters and the Qur'an the Lord is perhaps seeking to exhibit that this great celestial Book, with such great meaningful content, that tops in the leadership of all human beings, begins with simple letters of the alphabet, which by itself is a sign of the significance of this Divine miracle.

Anyway, after the mention of the letters Alif, Lam, Ra, He says:

" (This is )a Book which We have sent down to you so that, by their Lord's permission, you lead out the people from the darkness (of ignorance) into the light (of faith), ..."

In fact, all the educational objectives, as well as spiritual and material aims of the revelation of the Holy Qur'an are condensed in this single sentence: 'leading the people from the darkness to the light', which means directing them towards enlightenment from the state of utter darkness; or directing the people from the state of darkness of paganism towards the state of illumination of faith; from the state of the darkness of oppression and tyranny towards the state of the enlightenment of justice; from the state of corruption and injustice into the state of righteousness and justice; from sin to piety and virtuosity, and finally from the state of disunity and dispersion into the state of unify.

As the source of all good is the Pure Essence of Allah, and the main pre- condition of understanding of monotheism is


154

focusing on this very reality, the Qur'an adds immediately that all of these are achieved in accordance with the permission of people's Lord: " by their Lord's permission, " To clarify the issue further for the direction towards enlightenment, the Qur'an implies that this enlightenment of faith is in the path of the Lord, the Dear and the Praised One. The Lord Whose Glory is a sign of His Power; and His Praised state is a sign of His unlimited favours and blessings. The verse says:

"... into the way of the Mighty, the Praised (One) . "

Explanations:

1- To bring people out of darkness into the light has been repeated several times in the Qur'an. At times, this act is attributed to Allah: " Allah is the Guardian of those who have faith; He brings them out of the darkness into the light; " (Sura Al- Baqarah, No. 2, verse 257)

Sometimes, this is attributed to the prophets: " 'Bring forth your people from the darkness into the light " (The current Sura, verse 5) .

At other times, it is attributed to the Book, like the verse under discussion.

2- Using metaphors of profanity, disunity, ignorance and skepticism as well as paganism, described as "darkness", is for the sake that man in these cases is amazed, like the time when he is in darkness.

3- Light is the means for seeing, awakening, movement, guidance and development, as they are all included in the celestial Book and the way of Allah.

4- The Qur'an is not adequate in itself; the Divine leader is also necessary for guiding the people as well.


155

5- The philosophy underlying the revelation of the celestial Books, and the prophetic mission of the prophets are concerned with the salvation of mankind from the darknesses: from the darkness of ignorance into the light of knowledge; from the darkness of profanity into the light of faith; from the darkness of disparity into the light of unity, and finally from the darkness of sin into the light of virtue.

* * * *