(60) وَإِذِ اسْتَسْقَى مُوسَى لِقَوْمِهِ فَقُلْنَا اضْرِب بِّعَصَاكَ الْحَجَرَ فَانفَجَرَتْ مِنْهُ اثْنَتَا عَشْرَةَ عَيْناً قَدْ عَلِمَ كُلُّ أُنَاسٍ مَّشْرَبَهُمْ كُلُواْ وَاشْرَبُواْ مِن رِّزْقِ اللَّهِ وَلاَ تَعْثَوْاْ فِي الأَرْضِ مُفْسِدِينَ
60. " And (remember) when Moses sought water for his people, so We said: ' Strike the rock with your staff. ' Then there gushed forth from it twelve springs. Each (group of) people knew their (respective) drinking-place.' Eat and drink of Allah's provision, and commit you not evil in the earth, doing corruption'."
The Miracle of Water Gushing Forth in the Desert !
Again in this verse, Allah has pointed out one of the important favours bestowed upon the Children of Israel, saying:
" And (remember) when Moses sought water for his people, ..."
When Moses (a.s.) prayed for water, Allah accepted his plea as the Qur'an says: "...so We said: ' Strike the rock with your staff.'..."
Each of those springs flowed for a definite tribe so that among all of the tribes of Israelites: "... Each (group of) people knew their (respective) drinking place. ..."
There are a variety of ideas about what kind of stone that rock was and how Moses (a.s.) was supposed to strike that rock, and in what form the flow of water appeared from it. What the Qur'an says is not more than that Moses (a.s.) struck the rock with his staff and then twelve springs gushed forth therefrom.
This incident is referred to in Exod 17: 1-6, with the only difference being that the number of twelve springs that gushed forth
from the rock is not mentioned.
However, the Lord, on one hand, sent ' Manna ' and ' Salwa ' (quails) for them, and, on the other hand, provided them enough water, easily available, and told them: "...' Eat and drink of Allah's provision, and commit you not evil in the earth, doing corruption '."
In fact, the Lord advises them, as a showing of gratitude for these great bounties, that at least they should lay stubbornness and obstinacy aside and stop hurting prophets (a.s.) .