Why is the Holy Qur'an a Miracle and How ?
(23) وَإِن كُنتُمْ فِي رَيْبٍ مِّمَّا نَزَّلْنَا عَلَى عَبْدِنَا فَأْتُواْ
بِسُورَةٍ مِّن مِّثْلِهِ وَادْعُواْ شُهَدَاءكُم مِّن دُونِ اللّهِ إِنْ
(24) فَإِن لَّمْ تَفْعَلُواْ وَلَن تَفْعَلُواْ
فَاتَّقُواْ النَّارَ الَّتِي وَقُودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجَارَةُ أُعِدَّتْ
23. "And if you are in doubt of what We have sent down to Our
(faithful) Servant (Muhammad), then bring forth one Sura the like thereof,
and call your witnesses other than Allah, if you are truthful."
24. "And if you do not do so, and you will never do it, then
fear the Fire whose fuel is People and Stones, prepared for the infidels."
After Allah (s.w.t.) explains the state of the hypocrite and
disbelievers, and, through the creation of the heaven and the earth, sending
down rain and growing plants on the ground, proves the existence of the
Creator and Cherisher of the universe, He begins to validate the
rightfulness of the Holy Qur'an and the truthfulness of His Messenger.
In order to show everyone the miraculousness of the Qur'an with
clear evidence,according to one's portion of wit and understanding, that the
Qur'an will be an argument for all, Allah confirms the prophethood of
Prophet Muhammad (p.b.u.h.) and the authenticity of the Holy Qur'an by
suggesting a challenge, a direct confrontation, not only to all the
contemporaries of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) but also to men in all ages. "
And if you are in doubt of what We have sent down to Our (faithful) Servant
It addresses all the rejectors, with a concrete test, saying
that if you imagine that the Qur'an, which has been sent down from Pure
Holiness to the chosen servant of Allah in the form of statements and with
the combination of ordinary alphabetical letters, is not from Him and it is
the word of a human, then since outwardly you are in the same state from the
point of being a human as the Prophet of Islam (p.b.u.h.) is, you should be
able to produce a Sura like that of the Qur'an and call your own witnesses
that are like you, the disbelievers of the Qur'an. You would compare your
evidence with one of the Suras of the Qur'an, even if it be a small one such
as Sura Kauthar and the like. If those two were similar in comparison in all
their qualities, merits and privileges, you could rightfully reject the
legitimacy of the Qur'an.
The disbelievers and pagan Arabs, who were the masters of
literature and eloquence, refrained from accepting this challenge despite
their pride and haughtiness in eloquence and avoided the competition.
Therefore, inevitably, they turned the literary contest into a bloody
battle. Thus, getting killed was easier for them than being disgraced and
defeated in a literary contest. The Arab literature became helpless and
meagre against the challenge of the Qur'an. Neither those who lived at the
time of the Qur'an's revelation, nor the people born in the centuries after
that could bring anything like this Holy Book, or could do anything against
it, inspite of trying with their utmost strength. They were thus forced to
retreat after exerting utmost efforts.
Why is the Holy Qur'an a Miracle and How ?
Being complete true revelation, the Qur'an is itself a miracle.
As it is authentically known and also was mentioned in the above, at the
time of the Qur'an's revelation the literary talent and eloquence of Arabs
were at their peak, yet the miraculousness of the Qur'an is not confined to
its inimitable literary excellence and eloquence. It stands on its own
innumerous different merits some of which are beyond the reach of the
complete conception of the literary geniuses of the Arab world. It has such
a rhetorical capacity and linguistic excellence that is able to express
different views and knowledge in a manner that is understood and appreciated
by every rational human being of any standard and accomplishment of all the
ages. Then everybody in any time, once provided with the opportunity to
become acquainted with the Holy Qur'an, which offers information by which
all of his/her arguments will be completed, he/she can find himself or
herself convinced by it. Such extensive knowledge and such power of
expression is beyond the limitations of human ability. Even of the literate
Arab people, as were previously referred to, especially at the time of the
Qur'an's revelation when the literature of the Arabic language had reached
its climax, none dared to bring a Sura similar to even its shortest one.
This very single point is the smallest miraculous aspect of the Qur'an.
There is no doubt that if the Qur'an were the word of a human
and the Prophet (p.b.u.h.), himself, who was known to the world as an
illiterate one, had produced it, they would bring many Qur'ans like it and
would prove that this is not the word of Allah revealed to him (p.b.u.h.).
In that condition, the enemies of Islam would maintain their works which
would be available everywhere and in any ages so that they could publish and
distribute them, even now, to defame the one genuine Qur'an, but there is
Apart from its inimitable literary excellence, the Holy Qur'an
with its other names such as 'Furqan' and 'Tibyan' referring
to the abilities it has, presents to the human world definite prophecies
fulfilled and yet to be fulfilled, and long after. It contains some facts
about endowments in nature which the human knowledge of science as it
progresses will have to understand, for its further advancement. The
perfectness of such nature, naturally, will be the last word with regard to
the ideas, religious and social laws, sciences, and many many other things
that it contains and will remain for ever, until the Hereafter.
This universality of the truth expressed in the idea and beauty
and the attractive force of the language is so divine that, as we said
before, it is beyond the reach of the expressive power of any limited being.
It is in this regard that the Holy Qur'an claims to be not only the word of
Allah, inimitable, but the Final Word in respect to truth and justice the
better or even the like of it is impossible to be produced by any one.
However, it is true to say simply and shortly that the Holy
Qur'an is a miracle with respect to its contents which is the source of all
knowledge and science, as it itself says : " Say : If the sea were ink
(wherewith to write out) for the words of my Lord, the sea would surely be
consumed before the words of my Lord are exhausted, though We were to bring
the like of that (sea) to add thereto for its aid", (Sura Al-Kahf, No. 18,
Thus, this verse, by itself, is a vital piece of evidence
regarding the correctness of the above stated claim. (1)
Why do Prophets Need Miracles ?
We know that the Divine mission of prophethood is a great rank
endowed upon some of the purified distingished members of the human race.
Since the purpose of prophethood is the comprehensive guidance ruling over
the body and spirit of individuals, and society, toward perfection and the
laying down of a legal system and social order for mankind, the assumption
of responsibility involved is necessarily heavy and taxing. So, it requires
great capacity and energy. Allah, therefore, bestows the position of
prophethood on those who have the ability and capacity to receive and follow
through the light of revelation. This unique privilege and speciality of
prophets is also shown in their miracles, which all of them had. And, to
prevent some false, deceitful impostors from claiming the position, it is
necessary that, besides the revelation, the real ones should have sufficient
evidence to bear testimony to the truth of their declaration and prove the
claim that they are sent by Allah. That is, a prophet should utter such
words and exhibit such deeds which could not be uttered or performed by any
natural means within the power of a finite being, such as : restoring the
dead to life again, communicating with animals and inanimate bodies, and the
likes of them. These supernatural events are termed as miracles.
The prophet who has a miracle should introduce it to people and
invite them to challenge with it. If they can produce none similar to that,
thus, by the means of his miracle, he proves the truthfulness of his
The Holy Qur'an, The Everlasting Miracle of the Prophet of Islam(p.b.u.h.)!
Amongst the miracles issued by the Prophet of Islam (p.b.u.h.),
the Qur'an is the best remaining evidence of his rightfulness. We know, of
course, that, according to what the leading scholars of Islam have said, he
(p.b.u.h.) had about 4440 miracles. But the Qur'an is a Book beyond the
thoughts and mind of a mortal being. None has been able to bring one similar
to it yet. It is a great heavenly miracle.
The reason that amongst all the miracles of the Messenger of
Allah (p.b.u.h.) the Qur'an has been chosen as the greatest remaining
evidence of legitimacy of the Prophet of Islam (p.b.u.h.) is that it is a
miracle which is
'expressive', 'everlasting', 'world-wide', and 'spiritual'.
Each of the former prophets (a.s.) had to accompany his miracle
to prove its inimitability when he used to invite his opponents for
challenging and bringing the like of it. In fact, his miracle or miracles
could not express themselves and it was the explanations of the prophet that
would complete them. This statement is also true for all the miracles of the
Prophet of Islam (p.b.u.h.) except the Holy Qur'an.
The Qur'an is a clear miracle which need not be introduced. It
invites others to itself, demands the rejecters to challenge it while it
defeats them, condemns them, and it always stands victorious. That is why
it, after passing centuries, viz., since the departure of the Prophet
(p.b.u.h.) up to the present, has been continuing its invitation the same as
it did during his lifetime (p.b.u.h). It is both religion and miracle; law,
and the document of the law.
The Holy Qur'an, Global and Eternal
The reputation of the Holy Qur'an cleft the bonds of time and
distance and influenced beyond them. The miracles of the prophets before the
Prophet of Islam (p.b.u.h.), and even his own miracles save the Qur'an,
happened in a special period of time, at a definite place and for a specific
group of people. For example : the utterances of the holy little child of
Virgin Mary, and raising the dead by Jesus (a.s.) were done at some definite
times and places before the eyes of some particular people. And we know that
regarding the things that depend on time and place, the farther we move away
from them correlatively the weaker they become. This is one of the
properties of affairs related to time.
But, the Holy Qur'an does not depend on time and place. Its
brilliance and authority that illuminated the darkness of Arabia fourteen
centuries ago continues unwaveringly to shine with its original splendor.
Besides that, the passing of time, the advancement of science and the
development of information have made it possible for us to understand it and
take its advantages even more than the nations of former ages did. It is
evident that what time and place cannot influence will continue to be
everywhere in the world for eternity. It is also clear that a world-wide
everlasting religion should have a world-wide everlasting document of
legitimacy in its possession.
Then we can discuss the Holy Qur'an :
from the point of modern science;
and the scientific explorations;
and the rotation of the Earth;
and reproduction in the plant kingdom;
and general reproduction in all the particles of the world;
and general gravity;
and the surrendering of the Sun and the Moon;
and the secrets of the creation of mountains;
and the advent of the world;
and the existence of life on other planets;
and the winds, the pollinator of plants;
and the question of the roundness of the Earth; (2)
And many other scientific facts and knowledge about the world
can be found in the Holy Qur'an, too.
* * * *
(1) O' dear respected reader of this book! Have you ever thought that when
more than two - thirds of the globe is covered with sea water and if we
consider it twice as much when we use it entirely as ink in order to write out
the science and secrets of the Qur'an, i.e. the word of Allah, sooner would the
doubled oceans of the globe be exhausted than would the words of Allah, the
science and secrets of the Qur'an? Then be careful when considering how
magnificent the Glorious Qur'an is !
(2) For details, refer to: 'The Holy Qur'an and the Last Prophet (p.b.u.h.)'
p.147, (Persian version)